About Historical and Contemporary Limbu Women of Nepal

Limbu people are recognized as Yakthungba (refers to a Limbu male) and Yakthungma (refers to a Limbu female) in their have language. Yambechha means a male and menchhuma means a feminine. They are the descendents of the Kirant dynasty of ancient Nepal. The Kirant dynasty ruled Nepal from 3102 B.C. to 7th century A.D. as the first rulers in Nepal.

Historically, right until 225 years ago, the Limbus had their own territory that was identified as Lumbuwan right before King Prithvi Narayan Shah united the territories that make up current-working day Nepal. At current, this spot is in the jap section of Nepal (like Taplejung, Sankhuwasabha, Panchthar, Ilam, Dhankuta, and Tehrathum and northern sections of Jhapa, Morang and Sunsari districts). According to the 2001 Census of Nepal, the population of the Limbus is 359,371 (1.58% of Nepali populace). Customarily they have been followers of the Kirant faith that is a variety of animism, a perception that the two living and inanimate things, this kind of as trees, rivers and mountains have souls. They have their possess spoken and written Limbu language. LIMBU script is acknowledged as Sirijanga script.

Historical Social Role of Limbu Gals:

Classic Limbu ladies wore sim (it is 7-garden extended product wrapped as a skirt) with a cholo, a shirt that is designed of locally hand-woven dhaka product. Phaee (a long fabric) is wrapped about the waist to tie the sim. They always protected their heads with thakhumya (a substantial scarf) as an accent. They beloved sporting massive gold and silver ornaments. Limbu women typically wore a pair of Nesse (a large flat made gold earrings), a gold mundri as a nose ring, and a dhungri, a stud nose ornament. On their arms, Limbu girls wore gold or silver bangles. Silver kalli were being worn as anklets. They also wore distinctive varieties of ornaments on various situations, ceremonies and festivals. Some of these ornaments were being Phangsese (a necklace designed of nine gold beads which are strung with glass beads), Labaphung (a crescent shaped gold ornament worn as a hair clip), Namloi or Yogakpa (a substantial silver necklace), sisiphung or nekkhophung (flower formed gold stud earrings), reji (coin necklaces built of historic silver coins) and Swagep (a gold ring worn on their fingers). Also in the past Limbu ladies used to have on Laskari in their ears, 5 or 6 equivalent tiny gold rings in a row. You can nevertheless see previous Limbu girls in the villages dressed up in this way. All the sorts of clothes and ornaments females wore propose that the Limbu economic climate offered adequately for their requirements in those people days. Classic Limbu women appeared quite tasteful and established a distinctive id in the environment.

Limbu gals like to dance the Ya-Lang (paddy dance) and Ke-Lang (Limbu regular drum dance) at formal situations like marriages and religious ceremonies. There is also a dance named Mang Lang (Dev naach-God dance) to celebrate spiritual occasions.

Most of the Limbus are farmers, and lots of gentlemen serve as Gurkha soldiers with foreign armies (e.g., British, Indian) or as security staff in Singapore, Brunei, and Hong Kong. Females enable in farming by functioning in the fields. They plant rice, harvest the crops and choose treatment of the domestic animals. They also carry up little ones and take treatment of their in-regulations as nicely.

My mother employed to speak about “pewa” (Pewa is a Limbu term, it is a supply of pocket money). Limbu moms and dads ended up extremely generous to their single daughters, for they enable them have have cash by supplying them “pewa”. Some unmarried women employed to personal a pair of goats or pigs, so they could promote their livestock to get cash to invest in what they wished.

My grandfather gave my mom a pair of orange trees, from which she could get her pocket dollars by advertising oranges in the Dharan sector. This enabled her to get her individual jewelry or regardless of what she wanted. In these times, obtaining gold and silver jewelry was a variety of family financial investment.

This article is about Limbu gals. I really should not ignore their gourmet delicacies. Commonly Limbus take in the regular Nepali meal, steamed white rice, dal (lentil soup), tarkary(curry) and aachar(a kind of salsa sauce). I would like to mention some Limbu gourmet food stuff- kinema ko achar (fermented soya been pickle), gundruk ko achar or gundruk ko soup ( fermented mustard leaves), yangben (moss that grows on trees), etc. They also a consume a mild beverage called tongba (millet beer), consumed in certain bamboo or wood large containers with little bamboo straws).

Limbu women used to be great fabric-artist entrepreneurs and quite really hard doing the job. There was not imported thread accessible for weaving, for that reason they utilized to mature cotton them selves in their fields. They applied to spin thread for weaving following harvesting raw cotton and drying it in the sun. As soon as open a time, “chhitko sari”, woven by Limbu women, was very popular among other Nepali gals. They also used to weave handloom fabric known as Dhaka. They would be very resourceful by coming up with distinctive varieties of ethnic designs this sort of as tanchhokpa (star). They marketed that cloth substance to gals and males in other communities, considering the fact that imported apparel was not commonly obtainable. This sort of standard weaving has been bequeathed to their woman descendents. Dhaka material is quite popular now, and you can get Dhaka topis (caps), common pachheuras (big scarves) and Dhaka cholos (blouses). Today, ties and Dhaka kurta-suruwals (pant fit) are quite well known. The conventional material is also utilised in inside decoration for fashionable modern properties you can find it employed for cushion covers, curtains, table runners, tablemats, and so forth. This material is also used in boutiques to make unusual and distinctive designer outfits. Definitely the credit goes to our mothers and grandmothers for passing these techniques down by the generations.

Modern Limbu Girls and Their Social Job:

Present day Limbu females commonly do not costume up in common garments or have on heavy jewelry. They have on all forms of present-day outfits these types of as kurta suruwal, saree and other formal and everyday western outfits. Married females wear classic Nepalese ornaments this sort of as Tilhari with sarees and kurta suruwal. Single women don gentle jewelry such as a stud, hoop or dangle earrings, a pendant with a chain, gold connection bracelets, a ring, and anklets with kurta suruwal and western-inspired outfits. Some married gals also wear official Indian encouraged gold jewelry much too, this kind of as hefty mangal sutra necklaces and big dangly earrings.

Present-day Limbu culture, primarily in city parts, has progressed from the village modern society of a person hundred several years back. Modern-day culture has introduced about a large amount of improvements. Limbu women’s duties normally consist of maintaining the house, cooking, getting treatment of children and in-rules, as before, but now also consist of encouraging teach their small children and most likely running a shop or pursuing a professional occupation outside the house. Of system stock market investments are not typical in Nepal. The Limbu women take care of money investments in land or home. There are lots of women of all ages whose husbands even now work as Gurkha troopers in foreign nations. Individuals ladies study to deal with their life quite competently by themselves.

Nowadays, some Limbu gals have set up careers in each area– in politics, media, business enterprise, experienced accomplishing arts, lawful providers, education and learning, and the healthcare occupation. Some names of Limbu females who are energetic in distinctive fields are outlined beneath:

Anjana Limbu (Shrestha): Motion picture Actress, her finest-recognized motion picture is Balidaan

Anupama Subba: Actress in the famous film “Numafung”

Bishnu Chemjong: The to start with Lux Nepal Star she was preferred from 5000 other contestants for her stunning voice.

Jina Lingden: The first Limbu girl pilot

Jayan Subba Manandhar: Choreographer and owns modeling agency referred to as Ramp

Kala Subba: Lively design, choreographer and Hits FM RJ.

Lila Subba (Shrestha): Member of Nepal’s Parliament.

Pabitra Subba: An founded, perfectly identified Nepali singer and actress.

Malvika Subba: Pass up Nepal 2002, functioning with Kantipur telvision as an anchor, and party manager for the Pass up Nepal pageant for 2 a long time.

Srijana Subba: Energetic member of Kirat Yakthung Chumlung and representative of the Association of Limbu Shamans from Nepal. She is performing as a program officer for the NGO-FONIN.

Up to date Limbu gals are hugely appreciated for their incredible achievements in a small time period. Younger Limbu ladies right now, whose moms and grandmothers may well be illiterate or hardly literate, could go on to higher education or obtain specialized instruction for qualified employment.

Although there are only a little quantity of Limbu girls as opposed to Nepal’s overall populace, they are actively included in each subject.